Biomedical papers - Ahead of Print

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. X:X | 10.5507/bp.2017.052

Lactate as an early predictor of psychomotor development in neonates with asphyxia receiving therapeutic hypothermia

Renata Polackovaa,b, Dana Salounovac, Lumir Kantord
a Department of Paediatrics and Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic
b Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic
c Department of Mathematical Methods in Economy, VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic
d Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Olomouc, and Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic

Aims: This prospective study aimed to evaluate the relationship between persistently elevated lactate values in the arterial blood of newborns with grade II and III hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (treated with therapeutic hypothermia) and psychomotor development at 24 months.

Methods: 51 neonates of gestational age from 36 to 41 weeks receiving therapeutic hypothermia for moderate to severe hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy had arterial blood lactate levels regularly analysed. At 24 months the infants' psychomotor development was evaluated and they were divided into two groups - those where the outcome was favourable (i.e. normal psychomotor development) and adverse (severe motor or sensory impairment or death). The lactate dynamics over time were retrospectively evaluated from the data collected, with the normal upper limit set at 4 mmol/L.

Results: Of the 51 affected neonates, 7 died over the course of the study. 34 of the remaining 44 infants demonstrated normal psychomotor findings at 2 years old, with adverse findings in 10 cases. Although both groups experienced significant reductions in lactate over time, there were statistically significant differences between them regarding currently measured lactate levels.

Conclusion: Absolute lactate values and their development over time can be a used as an auxiliary factor in making early estimates of the long-term outcome for newborns with neonatal asphyxia being treated with therapeutic hypothermia.

Keywords: lactate, newborn, asphyxia, encephalopathy, outcome

Received: July 30, 2017; Accepted: November 21, 2017; Prepublished online: December 4, 2017


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