Biomedical papers - Ahead of Print

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. X:X | 10.5507/bp.2017.023

Single giant mediastinal rhabdomyoma as a sole manifestation of TSC in foetus

Marek Godavaa,b, Hana Filipovac, Lubomir Dubravad, Radek Vrtelc, Kamila Michalkovae, Maria Janikovaf, Lenka Bakaj-Zbrozkovae, Jiri Navratilg
a Centre of Fetal Medicine and Medical Genetics, FETMED, Olomouc, Czech Republic
b Laboratory of Medical Genetics, SPADIA LAB a.s., Novy Jicin, Czech Republic
c Department of Medical Genetics, University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic
d Centre of Prenatal Diagnosis, U.S.G. POL s.r.o., Prostejov, Czech Republic
e Department of Radiology, University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic
f Department of Clinical and Molecular Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic
g Outpatient Cardiology Department, Pediatric Clinic, The University Hospital Brno, Czech Republic

Background: Presence of multiple cardiac rhabdomyomas is one of the major features of Tuberous sclerosis (TSC), but isolated progressing single giant rhabdomyoma is very rare and not typical of TSC.

Case report: This report presents family without obvious history of TSC with occurrence of giant mediastinal rhabdomyoma affecting the haemodynamics in male foetus, without other TSC symptoms. Girl from the next gravidity had prenatally detected multiple rhabdomyomas and small subcortical tuber of brain detected after birth. DNA analysis found novel c.4861A>T TSC2 variant and large deletion in TSC2 in tumour tissue from male foetus. The novel TSC2 variant was also present in the girl and her healthy father, in silico analysis suggested its functional effect on TSC2. Brain MRI of the father detected mild TSC specific abnormality.

Conclusion: We suggest the novel TSC2 mutation is a cause of mild TSC in this family and has reduced expression. The clinical and molecular findings in this family also emphasize that TSC diagnosis should be also evaluated in case of single giant foetal cardiac rhabdomyoma.

Keywords: cardiac rhabdomyoma, TSC2, reduced expression, mild tuberous sclerosis.

Received: February 19, 2017; Accepted: May 4, 2017; Prepublished online: June 12, 2017


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