Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. X:X | 10.5507/bp.2013.040
Background: Adrenocortical cancer (ACC) is a rare disease with an estimated incidence of 1-2/million/year. The tumour stage and completeness of surgical resection have the biggest impact on survival. Whereas stage I-II patients survive in 55-64% of cases, only 0-5% of patients with stage IV disease are still alive at 5 years. A median survival of 33 months can be expected after curative surgery. Incomplete surgery leads to a significant drop in survival.
Method: We present a 40-year-old man who underwent a technically demanding complete surgical excision of a giant (26 cm, 2372 g) ACC and experienced a 27-month disease-free survival without any systemic treatment. Detailed description of the surgical anatomy in relation to tumour size and patient body constitution is provided. The surgical strategy and exposure pitfalls under such extreme circumstances are discussed.
Conclusion: To achieve R0 resection in locally advanced disease, en bloc resection with neighbouring organs is widely recommended. Giant tumours may however pose a technical challenge due to space constraints.
Received: January 21, 2013; Accepted: May 21, 2013; Published: June 18, 2013