Biomedical Papers - Epub Ahead of Print

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. X:X | 10.5507/bp.2013.044

Self care in patients with chronic heart failure. Pilot study - self care includes problems

Renata Halmoa, Jan Galuszkab,c, Katerina Langovad, Dana Galuszkovac
a Institute of Health Care Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Tomas Bata University Zlin, Czech Republic
b Department of Internal Medicine I - Cardiology, University Hospital Olomouc and Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc
c Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Palacky University Olomouc
d Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc

Aim: The goal of this pilot study was to define the scope of therapeutic self-care demand in heart failure (HF) patients according to the concepts of self-care postulated by D.E. Orem and to determine the level of problems experienced and self-care in these patients.

Methods: A questionnaire consisting of 7 areas with closed format questions was developed according to the definition. The level of patient problems and level of self-care actions were mapped in each area. The questionnaire was distributed at the hospital outpatient clinic. The study group consisted of 47 heart failure patients (14 women) with following characteristics: average age 68 years, average BMI 29.4, resynchronization therapy 21%, hypertension 69.8%, diabetes mellitus 25.6%, coronary artery disease 46.5%, dilated cardiomyopathy 46.5%, obesity 46.5%, smoking history 39.5% (present and past smoking together), other cardiac disease 16.28%, condition after myocardial infarction 27.8% (NYHA II 41%, NYHA III 56.8%, NYHA IV 2.2%).

Results: The greatest problems were in the area of physical activity, sleep and fatigue, the least were in the area of chest pain and blood circulation. The greatest self-care agency was shown in the area of managing problems with physical activities and sleep, the lowest in the area of liquid intake and output. In the patients' subjective opinion, fatigue and sleep problems had the greatest impact on the quality of life. There were no substantial differences in either area based on gender.

Conclusions: The data can serve as a foundation for modifying the extent and structure of patient education for more comprehensive and more effective out‑patient treatment of HF.

Keywords: self-care, self-management, self-care deficit theory, heart failure, education

Received: August 23, 2012; Accepted: June 4, 2013; Published: June 12, 2013


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