Biomedical Papers, 2012 (vol. 156), issue 3

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2012, 156(3):204-212 | 10.5507/bp.2012.063

Advantages and disadvantages of ceramic on ceramic total hip arthroplasty: A review

Jiri Galloa, Stuart Barry Goodmanb, Jiri Lostaka, Martin Janouta
a Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc and University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic
b Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University Medical Center Outpatient Center, 450 Broadway St., M/C 6342, Redwood City, CA, USA, 94063

Background: Ceramic on ceramic (COC) total hip arthroplasty (THA) was developed to reduce wear debris and accordingly, the occurrence of osteolysis and aseptic loosening especially in younger patients. Based on the excellent tribological behavior of current COC bearings and the relatively low biological activity of ceramic particles, significant improvement in survivorship of these implants is expected.

Methods: We used manual search to identify all relevant studies reporting clinical data on COC THAs in PubMed. The objective was to determine whether current COC THA offers a better clinical outcome and survivorship than non-COC THA.

Results: Studies with early generation ceramic bearings yielded 68% to 84% mean survivorship at 20 years follow-up which is comparable with the survivorship of non-COC THAs. Studies on current ceramic bearings report a 10-year revision-free interval of 92% to 99%. These outcomes are comparable to the survivorship of the best non-COC THAs. However, there are still concerns regarding fracture of sandwich ceramic liners, squeaking, and impingement of the femoral neck on the rim of the ceramic liner leading to chipping, especially in younger and physically active patients.

Conclusion: Current COC THA leads to equivalent but not improved survivorship at 10 years follow-up in comparison to the best non-COC THA. Based on this review, we recommend that surgeons weigh the potential advantages and disadvantages of current COC THA in comparison to other bearing surfaces when considering young very active patients who are candidates for THA.

Keywords: total hip arthroplasty, ceramic on ceramic, revision free interval, survivorship, advantages, disadvantages, osteolysis, aseptic loosening

Received: November 22, 2011; Accepted: June 13, 2012; Published: October 4, 2012


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