Biomedical papers, 2006 (vol. 150), issue 2

Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2006, 150(2):357-361 | 10.5507/bp.2006.055

WEB-BASED INSTRUCTION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE LEARNING ACTIVITY OF MEDICAL STUDENTS: A REVIEW

Jarmila Potomkovaa, Vladimir Mihalb, Cestmir Cihalikc
a Medical Learning Resource Centre, Palacky University Library, 775 03 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
b Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, 775 20 Olomouc, Czech Republic
c Department of Internal Medicine, T. Bata Regional Hospital, 762 75 Zlín, Czech Republic

Background: The aim of this review was to summarise the experience on implementation of information technology to support the teaching and learning process in medicine. Particular attention was paid to web-based tutorials, their impact on increasing the effectiveness of medical instruction and motivation of students towards self-directed learning. Most of the studies selected for the purpose of the review comprised evaluation of the web-tutorials in view of practical implementation, strengths, weaknesses, and main preferences in comparison with traditional lecture-based education. Method and results: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed using MeSH term "computer-assisted learning" between 1996 and 2005 and selected for inclusion in this review were studies on the implementation and evaluation of web based tutorials in medical education. Additional related papers were obtained through cross-referencing. We found that overall, students prefer Web tutorials to traditional lecture-based classes for accessibility, ease of use, freedom of navigation, high medical image quality and advantage of repeated practice, that web-based learning has been continually developing and that it is a very important tool in Evidence Based Medicine.

Conclusions: Web based education is an important tool in medical training. It will require transformation in the way medicine is taught from instructor based to self directed learning. It is above all seen as a device for information retrieval and storage.

Keywords: Computer-assisted instruction, Medical education, Web-based tutorials, Self-directed learning

Received: September 20, 2006; Published: December 1, 2006


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